What is TCM?
Originated thousands of years ago from ancient China, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a science of human life, health and disease. Under the influence and guidance of ancient Chinese philosophy, in its long course of medical practice, not only has it accumulated rich clinical experience, but also formed its unique theoretical system. Therefore, the scientific system of TCM is a fusion of natural sciences, humanities and social sciences, and is the quintessence of splendid classic Chinese culture as well.
This part mainly deals with theories of essential Qi, yin-yang and five elements and their application in TCM.
The theory of essential Qi is one of ancient Chinese philosophical thinking. It is to explain the origin, development and variation of things in the universe. It plays an important role in the construction of the theory of traditional Chinese medicine.
The theory of yin and yang is another ancient Chinese philosophical thinking, serving and outlook and methodology to explain variations of the universe. Applied into the medical field, it is used to expound relationships of opposition and restriction as well as coordination and unity existing the tissues, structure, physiological functions and pathological changes of the human body.
The theory of five elements is also one of ancient Chinese philosophical thinking. Its main task is to study concepts, features of five elements as well as laws of generation, restriction, inhibition and generation in the five elements, and to interpret origination, development and variation of things in the universe as well as the relationships among them. Applied to the medical field, it is used to construct the five physiological and pathological systems that centers on the five organs(kidneys, liver, spleen, lungs &heart), to explain various life activities and pathological changes, and to guide clinical diagnosis and treatment.